Using JavaFX with Scene Builder, you can style your interface by using simple cascading style sheets. JavaFX scene builder provides a facility to design attractive user interfaces, by drag and drop for the ease of user and style the user interface. Because the user interface is separate so you have separate xml files.
Getting Started with JavaFX Scene Builder
Before getting started with JavaFX scene builder, you should have any Java IDE which supports JavaFX Scene Builder i.e. NetBeans, eclipse or Intelij IDEA along with latest JDK Version installed and configured on your computer.
Downloading and Installing JavaFX Scene Builder
You can download desired version of JavaFX Scene Builder From Oracle Official Website. After the download is complete, follow the instructions to complete the installation process.
Creating the First JavaFX Project
You can create JavaFX project as you create simple java application, from Choose JavaFX from Categories -> JavaFX FXML Application from projects -> Next to name the project. ‘Finish’ to complete the creation of new JavaFX project.
Good to Know About JavaFX
Difference and Advantages of JavaFX and Java swing:
- JFrame in swing = Stage in JavaFX along with Scenes. (one scene at a time)
- JPanel in swing = nodes in JavaFX (all other UI components are nodes)
- JOptionsPane in swing = (Nothing in JavaFX)
- Swing in Java most of the component doesn’t work with touch screens but JavaFX is friendly with touch screens.
- Swing can be used as procedural and OOP approach whereas JavaFX strictly follows (Model View Controller) MVC approach.
- Swing is per-synchronized with the controller but in the case of JavaFX you should synchronize the xml view with controller.
- While using Java Swing, you can directly access the User Interface elements anywhere in the class but as JavaFX uses MVC approach you should explicitly define each UI element in the controller class.
Using JavaFX Scene Builder
In the created project package you have a file with extension .fxml you can open it through editor as well as you can open it in JavaFX Scene Builder, by right click on fxml file. If you click open from options menu, it will open it in JavaFX Scene Builder automatically. If you click edit from options menu, it will open the xml file in Netbeans text editor. While using JavaFX Scene Builder you always have to save the changes, it will automatically update .fxml file in the project.
Basic Common Issue
Sometimes user forgets to rebuild and compile the code which produces errors even in default applications. Make sure, every time you run the code you should build or rebuild it.